# Category:CDm 1.Introduction

The numerical solution of convection-diffusion transport problems arises in many important applications in science and engineering. These problems occur in many applications such as in the transport of air and ground water pollutants, oil reservoir flow, in the modeling of semiconductors, and so forth. This paper describes the Convection Diffusion Applications for solving this equation.

## Contents |

#### Examples

##### Example1

Below two examples of the application are shown.

The first one deals with a differentially heated cavity. A square domain filled with air contains a "cold" and "hot" vertical walls, where temperatures of 295 and 305 C are prescribed (respectively). The horizontal walls are adiabatic.

Due to buoyancy convection occurs, Temperature propagates within the domain due to both the convection and the diffusion. Stationary solution is obtained.

##### Example2

To be filled

#### Theory

Under the assumption of incompressibility, the governing equations are given by

(1)

(2)

In the context of mass difussion within a fluid, (1) is is the mass
conservation equation and (2) is a contitutive law proposed by Fourier. The
notation is standard: ρ is the density, *C* the heat capacity, κ
the thermal conductivity, *T* is the temperature, *v* is the velocity field
and *q* is the diffusive flux per unit fluid density.

Remark: systen can be decoupled since we can plug (2) into (1) and solve the
scalar equation

(3)

#### Problem statement

Let us consider the transport by convection and diffusion in an open set
Ω (d=2 or 3) \ with piecewise smooth boundary Γ,
such that . The unit outward normal vector to
Γ is denoted *n*. The convection-diffusion initial-boundary value
problem can be stated as follows: given a divergence-free velocity field a,
the diffusion tensor κ and adequate initial and boundary conditions, find *T* :
such
that

(4)

*T*(*x*,0) = *T*_{0}(*x*)*o**n*Ω

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