# Numerical Integration

(Difference between revisions)
 Revision as of 11:18, 3 November 2009 (view source)JMora (Talk | contribs) (→Gauss-Legendre Numerical Integration)← Older edit Revision as of 11:18, 3 November 2009 (view source)JMora (Talk | contribs) (→Gauss-Legendre Numerical Integration)Newer edit → Line 18: Line 18: − The Gauss-Legendre quadrature establish that the definite integral of a function can be approximate by using a weighted sum of function values at specified points within the domain of integration. An p-point Gaussian quadrature rule is constructed to yield an exact result for polynomials of degree $2·p − 1 \,$ or less by a suitable choice of the points $\xi_i \,$ and weights $w_i \,$ for $i = 1 \cdot p \,$. + The Gauss-Legendre quadrature establish that the definite integral of a function can be approximate by using a weighted sum of function values at specified points within the domain of integration. An p-point Gaussian quadrature rule is constructed to yield an exact result for polynomials of degree $2p−1 \,$ or less by a suitable choice of the points $\xi_i \,$ and weights $w_i \,$ for $i = 1, \cdot p \,$.

## Revision as of 11:18, 3 November 2009

Numerical integration refers to all the procedures, algorithms and techniques in the numerical analysis to obtain an approximate solution to a definite integral.

That is, how to obtain a numerical value of:

$\int_{\lambda_a}^{\lambda_b}\! f(\lambda)\, d\lambda.$

where $\lambda \,$ can be a 1D, 2D or 3D domain.

For our interest in the Finite Element Method, the purpose is to describe how the element matrices can be integrated numerically.

## Gauss-Legendre Numerical Integration

To fix the most basic concepts on Numerical Integration, we will focus our description on a one dimensional integration using the Gauss-Legendre quadrature, that is, to solve:

$I=\int_{-1}^{+1} f(\xi) d\xi$

The Gauss-Legendre quadrature establish that the definite integral of a function can be approximate by using a weighted sum of function values at specified points within the domain of integration. An p-point Gaussian quadrature rule is constructed to yield an exact result for polynomials of degree $2p−1 \,$ or less by a suitable choice of the points $\xi_i \,$ and weights $w_i \,$ for $i = 1, \cdot p \,$.

$\int_{-1}^{+1} f(\xi)\,d\xi \approx \sum_{i=1}^p w_i f(\xi_i)$

## References

1. Carlos A. Felippa, "A compendium of FEM integration formulas for symbolic work", Engineering Computations, Vol. 21 No. 8, 2004, pp. 867-890, (c) Emerald Group Publishing Limited [1]
2. Numerical Integration