Python Script Tutorial: Using Kratos Solvers

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(Reading the ModelPart)
Line 15: Line 15:
  
 
  rotation_dof=False
 
  rotation_dof=False
  import solid_mechanics_main_solver
+
  import solid_mechanics_python_solver
 
  solid_mechanics_main_solver.AddVariables(structure_model_part,rotation_dof)
 
  solid_mechanics_main_solver.AddVariables(structure_model_part,rotation_dof)
  

Revision as of 16:43, 5 April 2016

In this tutorial, we will solve a structural problem using the example input file from Python Script Tutorial: Reading ModelPart From Input File

Starting

We provide an initial script using the concepts introduced in the previous sections of this tutorial

from KratosMultiphysics import *
from KratosMultiphysics.SolidMechanicsApplication import *

structure_model_part = ModelPart("StructurePart")

Reading the ModelPart

Instead of manually adding solution step variables, we will ask the solver to add all variables it requires.

rotation_dof=False
import solid_mechanics_python_solver
solid_mechanics_main_solver.AddVariables(structure_model_part,rotation_dof)

The code for the solver we are going to use can be seen here.

Now we continue as usual, reading the model part file and initializing GiD output

structure_model_part.SetBufferSize(1)

model_part_io_structure = ModelPartIO("example")
model_part_io_structure.ReadModelPart(structure_model_part)

#Creating GidIO
gid_mode = GiDPostMode.GiD_PostBinary    # or GiDPostMode.GiD_PostAscii
use_multi_file = MultiFileFlag.MultipleFiles    # or MultiFileFlag.SingleFile
deformed_mesh_flag = WriteDeformedMeshFlag.WriteDeformed    # or WriteDeformedMeshFlag.WriteUndeformed
write_conditions = WriteConditionsFlag.WriteElementsOnly   # or WriteConditionsFlag.WriteConditions
gid_io = GidIO("test",gid_mode,use_multi_file,deformed_mesh_flag, write_conditions)

gid_io.InitializeMesh( 0.0 )
gid_io.WriteMesh( structure_model_part.GetMesh() )
gid_io.FinalizeMesh()

Initializing a Solver

As we are going to solve a structural problem, we also need to define the constitutive law for the structure material. Remembering that all elements in our example.mdpa file had Property 1 assigned, we add a constitutive law to Property 1:

structure_model_part.Properties[1].SetValue(CONSTITUTIVE_LAW, LinearElasticPlaneStrain2DLaw())

Now we let the solver to define the required degrees of freedom in the system. It will create DISPLACEMENT Dofs on all nodes

# Add DOFs used by the solver to model part
import solid_mechanics_main_solver
rotation_dof = False
solid_mechanics_main_solver.AddDofs(structure_model_part,"Mechanical",rotation_dof)

At this point, we create a solver object, which will manage the solution process. Domain size is the number of spatial dimensions (2 or 3).

# Construct a solver object
domain_size = 2
echo_level = 0
solver = solid_mechanics_main_solver.SolidMechanicsSolver(structure_model_part,domain_size,echo_level)

If we want to modify some solver parameters, this is the moment to do it. Each solver defines its own parameters, which can be set between constructing the solver object and calling its Initialize() method.

# modify default solver parameters here
solver.ReformDofSetAtEachStep = True

In this case, we are forcing the solver to re-shape the system matrix at each time step. This would be essential if we wanted to modify the mesh connectivity during the solution process. Now we must set the type of solution that we want:

# modify default solver parameters here
solver_type="StaticSolver" #other choices: DynamicSolver, RelaxedDynamicSolver
problem_type="Mechanical"
linesearchflag=False
solver.SetProblemType(problem_type,solver_type,linesearchflag)


Once the choice of parameters is made, the solver object can be initialized:

# Initialize the solver (using our custom parameters)
load_restart=False
solver.Initialize(load_restart)

And the solver can be used to solve the problem:

# Use the solver to solve the problem
solver.Solve()

Finally, we can print the results for our computation in a GiD post-process file

# Print results to GiD
time = 0.0
gid_io.InitializeResults(time,structure_model_part.GetMesh())
gid_io.WriteNodalResults(DISPLACEMENT,structure_model_part.Nodes,time,0)
gid_io.FinalizeResults()

Next Tutorial : Python Script Tutorial: Main Solution

Previous Tutorial : Python Script Tutorial: ModelPart Elements and Conditions

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